Organics-to-energy technologies are those that take certain types of waste – including organic materials such as food, animal or yard waste, and convert it to electricity or heat. Some organics-to-energy systems also produce valuable compost or liquid fertilizer as byproducts.
The benefits of organics-to-energy systems, which are usually sited on farms, food processing plants or wastewater treatment facilities, can include:
diversion of organic waste from landfills or incinerators,
generation of renewable energy,
reducing dependence on other fuels,
manufacturing of materials that improve soil health or productivity.
One type of an organics-to-energy facility is an anaerobic digester, which uses microorganisms to break down organic materials to produce methane, which, in turn, can be used to generate heat or electricity.
Photo courtesy of Randy Jordan, Jordan Dairy Farms, Rutland